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Katharine (Kate) Lewis

Katharine (Kate) Lewis

Department of Biology

262 Life Sciences Complex

Research Interests

Specification and patterning of spinal cord interneurons; Formation of functional neuronal circuitry; Evolution of spinal cord patterning and function; Dorsal-ventral neural tube patterning; zebrafish development.


  • Postdoc, University of Oregon (1999-2003)
  • Ph.D., University College London (1994-1998)
  • Kennedy Memorial Scholar, Harvard University (1993-1994)
  • B.A. (Honors), Cambridge University (1990-1993)

Previous Academic Positions

Royal Society University Research Fellow, University of Cambridge 2004-2010

Selected Publications

R. Wilk, N. Ali, S. J. England, K. E. Lewis (2018) Using Zebrafish to Bring Hands-On Laboratory Experiences to Urban Classrooms. Zebrafish 15: 2

Andrzejczuk LA, Banerjee S, England SJ, Voufo C, Kamara K and Lewis KE (2018) Tal1, Gata2a, and Gata3 Have Distinct Functions in the Development of V2b and Cerebrospinal Fluid-Contacting KA Spinal Neurons. Front. Neurosci. 12:170. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2018.00170

J. L. Juárez-Morales, R. I. Martinez-De Luna, M. E. Zuber, A. Roberts and K. E. Lewis (2017) Zebrafish transgenic constructs label specific neurons in Xenopus laevis spinal cord and identify frog V0v spinal neurons. Devel. Neurobio. DOI: 10.1002/dneu.22490

S. England, P. Campbell, S. Banerjee, A. Swanson, K. E. Lewis (2017) Identification and expression analysis of the complete family of zebrafish pkd genes.Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology 5:5 doi: 10.3389/fcell.2017.00005

G.M.W Cook., K. E. Lewis, R. J. Keynes (2017) Neural Patterning: Spinal Cord Segmentation and Somite Patterning. In Reference Module in Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology, Elsevier. ISBN 9780128093245

W. C. Hilinski; J. R. Bostrom; S. J. England; J. L. Juárez-Morales; S. de Jager; O. Armant; J. Legradi; U. Strähle; B. A. Link; K. E. Lewis (2016) Lmx1b is required for the glutamatergic fates of a subset of spinal cord neurons. Neural Development. 11:16 doi: 10.1186/s13064-016-0059-9

J. L. Juarez-Morales, C. Schulte, S. A. Pezoa, G. K. Vallejo, W. Hilinski, S. England, S. de Jager and K. E. Lewis (2016) Evx1 and Evx2 specify excitatory neurotransmitter fates and suppress inhibitory fates through a Pax2 independent mechanism. Neural Development. 11: 5 doi:  10.1186/s13064-016-0059-9

A.Thélie, S. Desiderio, J. Hanotel, I. Quigley, B. Van Driessche, A. Rodari, M. D. Borromeo, S. Kricha, F. Lahaye, J. Croce, G. Cerda-Moya, J. O. Fernandez, B. Bolle, K. E. Lewis, M. Sander, A. Pierani, M. Schubert, J. E. Johnson, C. R. Kintner, T. Pieler, C. Van Lint, K. A. Henningfeld, E. J. Bellefroid, and C. V. Campenhout (2015) Prdm12 specifies V1 interneurons through cross-repressive interactions with Dbx1 and Nkx6 genes in Xenopus. Development:142:3416-3428 

S. England, Hilinski, W., de Jager, S., Andrzejczuk, L. , Campbell, P., Chowdhury, T. , Demby, C. , Fancher, W. , Gong, Y. , Lin, C. , Machikas, A., Rodriguez-Larrain, G. , Roman Rivera, V. and Lewis, K. E. (2014) Identifying Transcription Factors expressed by Ventral Spinal Cord Interneurons. ZFIN on-line publication.

S. England, M. F. Batista, J. K. Mich, J. K. Chen and K. E. Lewis (2011) Roles of Hedgehog Pathway Components and Retinoic Acid Signalling in Specifying Zebrafish Ventral Spinal Cord Neurons. Development 138: 5121-5134.  

D. K Goode, H. A. Callaway, G. A. Cerda, K. E. Lewis, and G. Elgar (2011) Minor change, major difference: divergent functions of highly conserved cis-regulatory elements subsequent to whole genome duplication events. Development 138: 879-884.

C. J. Schulte, C. Allen, S. England, J. Juárez-Morales, K. E. Lewis (2011) Evx1 is required for joint formation in zebrafish fin dermoskeleton. Developmental Dynamics 240: 1240-1248.

K. Wotton, F. Weierud J. L. Juarez Morales, L. E. Alvares, S. Dietrich, K. E Lewis (2010) Conservation of gene linkage in dispersed vertebrate NK homeobox clusters. Development, Genes and Evolution 219:481-496

M. Hargrave, G. Cerda-Moya, K.E. Lewis (2009) RNA-profiling a specific class of zebrafish interneurons. Dev. Dyn. 238(1):150-161

G. Cooke, K.E. Lewis and R. Keynes (2009) Segmentation: Spinal cord segmentation - A-P somite patterning. The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience 8: 537-544. Edited by Larry Squire et al. Oxford: Academic Press.

M.F. Batista and K.E. Lewis (2008) Pax2/8 act redundantly to specify glycinergic and GABAergic fates of multiple spinal interneurons. Developmental Biology. 323: 88–97. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.08.009 . doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.08.009.

M.F. Batista, J. Jacobstein and K.E. Lewis (2008) Zebrafish V2 cells develop into excitatory CiD and Notch signaling dependent inhibitory VeLD interneurons. Developmental Biology. 322: 263-275. doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.07.015 . doi:10.1016/j.ydbio.2008.07.015. (Plus cover image).

K. Wotton, F. Weierud, S.Dietrich, and K.E. Lewis (2008) Comparative genomics of Lbx loci reveals conservation of identical Lbx ohnologs in bony vertebrates. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:171.

G. Lupo, W.A. Harris, K.E. Lewis (2006) Mechanisms of ventral patterning in the vertebrate nervous system. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 7:103-114.

K.E. Lewis (2006) How do genes regulate simple behaviours? Understanding how different neurons in the vertebrate spinal cord are genetically specified. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 361(1465): 45-66.

K.E. Lewis, J. Bates & J.S. Eisen (2005) Regulation of iro3 expression in the zebrafish spinal cord. Developmental Dynamics 232:140-148.

C. Wolff, S. Roy, K.E. Lewis, H. Schauerte, G. Joerg-Rauch, A. Kirn, C. Weiler, R. Geisler, P. Haffter & P. W. Ingham (2004) iguana encodes a novel zinc finger protein with coiled-coil domains essential for Hedgehog signal transduction in the vertebrate embryo. Genes and Development 18: 1565-1576.

K.E. Lewis & J.S. Eisen (2004) Paraxial Mesoderm Specifies Zebrafish Primary Motoneuron Subtype Identity. Development 131: 891-902.

K.E. Lewis & J.S. Eisen (2003) From Cells to Circuits: Development of the Zebrafish Spinal Cord. Progress in Neurobiology 69 (6): 419-449.

K.E. Lewis & J.S. Eisen (2001) Hedgehog signaling is required for primary motoneuron induction in zebrafish. Development 128: 3485-3495.

Z.M. Varga, A. Amores, K.E. Lewis, Y.-L. Yan, J.H. Postlethwait, J.S. Eisen, M. Westerfield (2001) Zebrafish smoothened functions in ventral neural tube specification and axon tract formation. Development 128: 3497-3509.

G. Drossopoulou, K.E. Lewis, J.J. Sanz-Ezquerro, C. Hofmann, A.P. McMahon and C. Tickle (2000) A new model for antero-posterior patterning of the limb involving sequential long and short range Shh signalling and Bmp signalling. Development 127: 1337-1348.

K.E. Lewis, J.P. Concordet and P.W. Ingham (1999) Characterisation of a second patched gene in the zebrafish Danio rerio and the differential response of patched genes to Hedgehog signalling. Developmental Biology 208: 14-29.

K.E. Lewis, P.D. Currie, S. Roy, H. Schauerte, P. Haffter, and P.W. Ingham (1999) Control of muscle cell-type specification in the zebrafish embryo by hedgehog signalling. Developmental Biology 216: 469-480.

K.E. Lewis, G. Drossopoulou, I.R. Paton, D.R. Morrice, K.E. Robertson, D.W. Burt, P.W. Ingham and C. Tickle (1999) Expression of ptc and gli genes in talpid3;suggests bifurcation in Shh Pathway. Development 126: 2297-2407.

J.P. Concordet, K.E. Lewis, L. Goodrich, R. Johnson, M. Scott and P. Ingham (1996) Spatial Regulation of a Zebrafish Patched Homologue Reflects the Roles of Sonic Hedgehog and Protein Kinase A in Neural Tube and Somite Patterning. Development 122: 2835-2846.

J.D. Morrison, J.D. Corcoran and K.E. Lewis (1992) The Determination of Particle Size Distributions in Small-Angle Scattering using the Maximum-Entropy Method. J. Appl. Cryst. 25: 504-513.